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Collection « Les sciences sociales contemporaines »

Cities into the Future
A Book translated from the French version Quelles villes pour le 21e siècle ?
(2012)
Contents


Une édition électronique réalisée à partir du livre de Françoise Lieberherr-Gardiol and Germán Solinís [ed], CITIES INTO THE FUTURE. A Book translated from the French version Quelles villes pour le 21e siècle ? published with the support of l’Université de Genève, la Faculté des Lettres, La Maison de l’histoire and La Fondation Hélène et Victor Barbour by Les Éditions Infolio, Suisse, 2012, 448 pp. [Autorisation formelle accordée conjointement par Françoise Lieberherr-Gardiol et German Solinis, d'une part, et par la maison d'édition, infolio Éditeur, d'autre part, le 11 février 2014 de diffuser la version anglaise de ce livre en accès ouvert et gratuit à tous dans Les Classiques des sciences sociales.]

CITIES INTO THE FUTURE

Edited by
Lieberherr-Gardiol Françoise and Solinis German

Contents

Authors

Summary

Foreword, by German Solinis and Françoise Lieberherr-Gardiol

Historical perspectives
Globalization and new features of urbanization

Introduction :
Urban, a multiple and open figure
[published seperately]

by Germán Solinís
Courriels: G.Solinis@unesco.org ou g.solinis@wanadoo.fr.

Part I:
Historical perspectives


Chapter I. The UN and the Urban Agenda, a journey from Vancouver to Nairobi, Istanbul and Medellin. [published seperately]

by Daniel Biau
Courriel: biau.daniel@gmail.com

1. Vancouver 1976: the birth of the urban question
The Vancouver Action Plan
2. Sustainable urbanization, a response to economic and social development challenges
Managing urbanization better
3. UMP (1986-2005), a major research-action effort
Introducing urban government
City consultation
4. Urban planning revisited
The revival of city planning
Can urban planning become affordable for all ?
5. Rediscovering slums in the new millennium
Overcrowding patterns
Survival strategies
Policy principles
6. Focus on water and sanitation
Regulating public-private partnerships
Making water accessible
Sanitation: an impossible challenge ?
7. Territorial affirmative action, the need for political will
Investment incentives
Public infrastructure priorities
Pricing of water services
Progressive property taxation
Intergovernmental transfers
Political challenge
8. The recognition of local authorities
Partnerships at global level
UN city partnerships
From a European charter to international guidelines on decentralization and basic services
9. Cities and climate change
10. Other topics on the urban agenda
Bibliography

Chapter II. Urban policy and the crisis of globalisation. [published seperately]

by Gustave Massiah
Courriel: massiah@wanadoo.fr

1. Urbanisation and globalisation
The World's population in full transformation
The rift between urbanization and industrialization
2. Urban models and urban policies
The Fordist model of regulation and the modern movement
The national independance development model and the focus space of States
The structural adjustment model and fragmented space
The crisis of neoliberalism opens up a new face
3. Urban social movements
4. The crisis and urban policies
The dangers of the crisis
Opportunities opened up by the crisis
5. Alternative local policies
The challenges for alternatives local policies
Strategic lines of alternative local policies
Transformations of urban policies
Postface
References

Part II.
The emergence of regulations within globalisation


Chapter III. Governances, from global to urban – between innovation and revamping. [published seperately]

by Françoise Lieberherr-Gardiol
Courriel: franlieb@bluewin.ch

Multiple interpretations of governance
From analytical approaches to normative views
A generalized idea and an all-encompassing logic
On urban governance
Diffusion of urban governance in the South
Decentralization, municipal learning and overlapping governances in Burkina Faso
Public administration reforms and participatory approaches in Viet Nam
Urban Democratic Forums, participatory tools in Bulgaria
Urban governance – a challenge and a permanent state of construction
References

Chapter IV. Participatory democracies: a slow march toward new paradigms from Brazil to Europe? [published seperately]

by Giovanni Allegretti
Courriel: allegretto70@gmail.com

The “Double Disease of Democracy”
Converging crises
Participatory Budgeting: an incremental tool for facing a wide range of issues
Tailoring practices to the changing contexts
The rescue of territories: reaching environmental sustainability through enhancing citizenship
Enhancing a pedagogy of solidarity
Learning from the South and differenciating motivations and goals of experimentation
Families of innovative practice: heading beyond models
Expanding knowledge through planetary networks
The opportunities of «scaling-up»
Towards an open conclusion: enhancing the quality of policy through the quality of democracy
Beyond the sprawl ? The difficulty of changing cultural references
References

Chapter V. Security – a permanent challenge for cities. [published seperately]

by Franz Vanderschueren
Courriel: franzv33@gmail.com

The city, symbol of security
The urbanisation shapes security
Initial urbanisation changes insecurity
An institutional response: the police
Generating an ideological consensus
The crisis of the early metropolises in America
The consumer society restructures security
Exponential growth of criminality
The range of urban causes
The emergence of new crimes
Crimes linked to drug-trafficking
Organised crime
Cyber crime
Awareness of domestic violence
The narrowing of the gap between serious crime and petty crime
Attempts to respond
Privatised security
The wave of police reforms
The new urban context
The new governance of security
Promising practices
The priorities
Conclusion: the beginning of a long road
References

Chapter VI. Urban environment in the context of development: the case of Southeast Asia. [published seperately]

by Adrian Atkinson
Courriel: atkinson@newsynergies.ch

The advent of the late 20th century Environmental Movement
The process of rapid urbanisation in the South
Urban environmental problems in the South
What is being done to overcome the problems?
Urban environmental planning and management in Indonesia
Urban environmental planning and management in Vietnam
Concluding thoughts
References

Part III.
Emerging urban policies


Chapter VII. Democratic decentralisation at the crossroads. A case study of India. [published seperately]

by Isabelle Milbert
Courriel: isabelle.milbert@graduateinstitute.ch

Introduction
Launching of decentralisation policies
Democratic assertion of decentralisation
The difficulty in building an urban citizenry through decentralisation
Uneven transfers of functions
Decentralisation, but without the means required for fulfilling its objectives
From decentralisation to the privatisation of land development
Conclusion
References

Chapter VIII. Possibilities, challenges and lessons of the urban reform pro-cess in Brazil. [published seperately]

By Edesio Fernandes
Courriel: edesiofernandes@compuserve.com

Urban development and its challenges
The origins of the Urban Reform Movement
A new legal-political order for the cities with the 1988 Federal Constitution
Local experiences in the 1990s and the expansion of the new legal order
A pioneering legal framework : the 2001 City Statute
Institutional reform at the federal level
Sustainable Urban Land Regularisation in a National Programme
Participatory Municipal Master Plans, the National Campaign
Difficulties and constraints
The National Council of Cities
Current challenges for the City Statute and the Ministry of Cities in Brazil
Possible lessons from the Brazilian experience
References

Conclusion
Planetary urbanisation with or without cities

[published seperately]

by Thierry Paquot
Courriel: th.paquot@wanadoo.fr
A three-phase history of cities
Five forms of urbanisation and five questions
Ecological urbanisation: what form(s) of urbanism?


Retour au texte de l'auteur: Jean-Marc Fontan, sociologue, UQAM Dernière mise à jour de cette page le lundi 2 juin 2014 12:00
Par Jean-Marie Tremblay, sociologue
professeur associé, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi.
 
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